Installation Your Computer (PC Assemble)

"Step By Step" Installing Your Own Computer

Here is the step by step how to install computer,

Level in computer installation consists of:



Good preparation will facilitate the installation of computers and avoid problems that may arise. Related issues in preparation include:

1. Computer Configuration Determination
2. Preparation Components and Supplies
3. Security

1. Computer Configuration Determination

Computer configuration associated with the determination of the types of components and functions and how all components can work as a suitable computer system desires. Determination of the type of processor initiated component, motherboard, and other components. Factors suitability or compatable from components on the motherboard should be noted, because each type of motherboard has a kind of processor, memory modules, ports and I / O bus are different.

2. Preparation Components and Equipment

Computer components need to be completed beforehand to facilitate installation. Complete equipment consists of:

• Computer Components
• Equipment components such as cables, screws, jumpers, bolts etc.
• manual and reference book of the component
• Tools such as flat and Philips screw driver
• Software operating system, device drivers and software applications.

The user is required as a reference to know the position of the element connection diagram (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) as well as the way that your computer settings are installed. Software CD is required to install the operating system, device drivers from the device, and application program on the computer finishes installing

3. Security

Security measures needed to avoid problems such as component damage by static electricity, falls, over heating and liquid spills. Prevention due to static electricity by:

• Use anti-static bracelet or touching a metal surface on the chassis before holding the components to remove static load.
• Do not directly touch the electronic components, connectors or the network but hold on a metal or plastic body found on components.


Level computer installation process consists of:

1. Preparation motherboard
2. Installing the Processor (CPU)
3. Installing the Heatsink
4. Installing the Memory Module
5. Installing the Motherboard in Casing
6. Installing the Power Supply
7. Installing the Motherboard Cables & Casing
8. Installing the Drive
9. Installing the Adapter Card
10. Final Solution

1. Preparation motherboard

Check your motherboard manual book to see where the setting equipment components.

2. Installing the Processor (CPU)

Processors more easily installed before the motherboard is installed in the casing. I install the processor socket and slot types are different

Determine the position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located at the ends marked with dots, triangles or depressions.
Raise the locking lever position socket to open.
Insert the processor into the socket by first coordinating position the feet processors with socket holes. bowed, until there is no space between the processors with socket.
Lower the locking lever back.

3. Installing the Heatsink

Function of heatsink is remove heat generated by the processor. For heat transfer mengoptimamkan the heatsink should be installed close to the top of the processor with some of the retaining clip on the heatsink surface coated conveyor gene heat (thermal grease). Heatsink comes with a fan to connect power to the fan connector to the motherboard.

4. Installing the Memory Module (RAM)

Each type of memory module SIMM, DIMM and RIMM are distinguished by the position of the recess on the side and bottom of the module.

How to install for each type of memory module as follows.


1. Adjust indentation position on the knob on the module slot.
2. Install the module by making oblique angle of 45 degrees in slot
3. Push to vertical module slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.

Type DIMM and RIMM

How to install DIMM and RIMM modules same and there is only one way that will not be overturned because there are two depressions as a guide. Perbedaanya DIMM and RIMM indentation position

Lay down locking hook on the end of the slot
Adjust indentation position on the knob on the module connector slot. and enter the module into the slot.
Hooks locks automatically lock when the RAM slot is already installed.

5. Installing the Motherboard in Casing

The motherboard is attached to the casing with a screw and holder (Standoff). Method of attachment is: -
  • Determine the position of the holes for each plastic and metal seat. Hole for metal seat (metal spacer) is marked by a ring on the edge of the hole.
  • Install metal or plastic holder on the tray casing according to the position of each seat hole motherboard.
  • Place the motherboard on the casing until the head holder tray out of the holes on the motherboard. Install the locking screws on each metal holder.
  • Install frame I / O ports (I / O sheild) on the motherboard if any.
  • Install the tray casing already installed the motherboard in the casing and lock with screws.

6. Installing the Power Supply

Several types of casings are equipped power supply. When the power supply not included then the installation as follows:

Enter the power supply on the shelf in the back of the casing. Install four screws fastening seed.
Connect the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. ATX power connector types have only one installation of up to not be upside down .. Connect the power cable to the fan, if wearing a cooling fan for the CPU.

7. Installing the Motherboard Cables and Casing

Once the motherboard is installed in the casing next step is to install the cable I / O panel on the motherboard and the casing.
  • Attach the data cable to the floppy in the floppy drive controller on the motherboard (if any)
  • Attach the IDE cable on the primary and secondary IDE connector on the motherboard. (Now cable SATA)
  • On the back of the casing there is a hole to install additional port non slot type. Open the cover plate locking screw hole connector port and enter the port that is to be installed and install the screws back.
  • When the mouse is not yet available port on the back of the card casing mouse connector should be installed then connected to the mouse connector on the motherboard.
  • Ties cable connectors on the front panel of the switch casing, LED, internal speakers and ports installed in front of the casing when there is to the motherboard. Check your motherboard diagram to find the exact location of connectors.

8. Installing the Drive

Install procedure hardisk drive, floppy, CD-ROM, CD-RW/DVD is the same as the following:
  • Open / remove the drive bay cover (space to drive on the casing)
  • Enter from the front of the drive bay with the prior set the jumpers (master / slave) on the drive.
  • Adjust the position of the screw holes on the drive and then install casing retaining screw drive.
  • Connect the IDE cable connector to the motherboard padai drive (primary connector used earlier)
  • When the IDE cable connected to the drive jumper settings make sure differences ie both the first drive is set as the master and the other as the slave.
  • Secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.
  • Floppy drives connected to the motherboard floppy connector specific
  • Connect the power cable from the power supply to the drive.

9. Installing the Adapter Card

Common adapter card installed is graphic cards, sound, network, modem and SCSI adapters. Graphic card must be installed before any other adapter card. I install the adapter:

Hold the adapter card at the edges, avoid touching components or electronic networks. Press card to get on the right connector on the motherboard expantion slot
Install the retaining screws to the chassis card
10. Final Solution

Install the chassis cover
  • Cord Power cable connect to a wall socket.
  • Attach the monitor to the port connector graphic card.
  • Connect the keyboard cable connector and mouse connector into the mouse port or serial port (depending on type of mouse).
  • Connect other external Devices such as a speaker, joystick, and microphone when there is a suitable port. Check the manual of the card to ensure that the location of the port adapter.

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